10. When the political climate of Greece turned against him, Socrates was sentenced to death by hemlock poisoning in 399 B.C. The Happiness Mantra. The country was churning amidst the devastating Peloponnesian Wars (c. 430-404) that produced citizens drenched in pessimism.. Demonology was the primary basis of the ancient time where people conceived happiness as some elusive phenomenon, which was bestowed … Socrates rebelled against this convention, by developing a system of true free-speech through his dialogue. Critical theory is relevant because, as Uri Harris explains at Quillette, it is the ideology that underpins social justice doctrine, a powerful movement in U.S. politics that uses shame to seek the redistribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within a society. His Socratic method laid the groundwork for Western systems of logic and philosophy. 435a). Socrates and his contemporaries lived in a polytheistic society, a society in which the gods did not create the world but were themselves created. Among other accusations, Socrates is found guilty of impiety (not worshipping the gods the state worships), corruption of the youth (infusing into the young persons the spirit of criticism of Athenian society), among other accusations. Socrates put emphasis on knowledge all his life because he believed that “the ability to distinguish between right and wrong lies in people’s reason not in society” (Gaarder 60). Socrates infiltrated the predominantly grim society of Greece with his mantra for happiness. ... Others, focusing on Socrates’ use of the theory of recollection and the method of hypothesis, argue that it is a middle dialogue. All of the above ideas flew right across the faces of the powerful and elite in ancient Athens. Socrates was fully convinced that philosophy must obtain practical results for the greater wellbeing of society. Social Contract Theory is a concept that dates back to the Age of Enlightenment that explores the origins of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual. Socrates’ account of justice, displays a life in which a justice provides benefits not only for the individual, but also society. Socrates concludes Book IV by asserting that justice amounts to the health of the soul: a just soul is a soul with its parts arranged appropriately, and is thus a healthy soul. And for Socrates, the very first step towards the realization of this goal is the acquisition of wisdom through “knowing one’s Self”. Socrates was a scholar, teacher and philosopher born in. Socrates believed that a society that ignored the quest of philosophical constructs and ideas were doomed to be sad and miserable. In this section, Plato sets out to show that the three classes of society have analogs in the soul of every individual. 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