The French direct object pronoun replaces a indirect object complement(COI) and makes it possible not to repeat the noun. The French use the following quotation marks: « ». She wrote to me. I'm talking to him. When you can go directly from a verb to its object (what the verb acts upon), you are dealing with a direct object (I give money). There are two types: Direct object pronouns (pronoms objets directs) replace the people or things that receive the action of the verb in a sentence. or 'whom?' Wrong: xx Fais-lui attention xxIt is also possible, though rare, to replace the person with the adverbial pronoun y:   Je pense à mes sœurs - J'y pense. Me- Me. Il achète des livres pour les étudiants. French A1: All 99 Lessons You Need to Know in 2020! La / l' –> her, it. Me and te change to m' and t', respectively, in front of a vowel or mute 'H '. If there is a preposition (I give to charity) between the verb and an object, then you have an indirect object. Stressed forms: moi and toi, for use in a particular imperativeconstruction + There’s no distinction between "to him" and "to her" in French; use lui for both. If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation. “I talk to my brother/my dog … A direct object is an object which is acted on directly by verb, without being mediated by a preposition: Elle met ses chaussures. Tu m’aimes ? I'm thinking about my sisters - I'm thinking about them. Direct vs Indirect Object Pronouns. There’s a preposition in English, which makes "mothers" an indirect object. As I explained in the first paragraph, the key to figuring out what pronoun you should use to replace a French word is understanding the grammatical value of that word. je regarde le . Pronouns replace nouns; they stand for nouns (cf. Direct vs Indirect Object Pronouns. … and can be replaced by an indirect object pronoun. This will be explained further in a future lesson. Pay attention to the lesson - Pay attention to it. However for these 3 subcategories, the first and the second persons are the same: Me: me, m’ You: te, t’ Us: nous You: vous. 5 – Direct and Indirect French Object Pronouns A – The key to figuring out French direct and indirect object pronouns. However, there’s no preposition in French, so mères a direct object. 1 Using indirect object pronouns. It’s important to note that: The imperative only applies to tu (you, singular informal), nous (we) and vous (you, plural or formal) verb forms. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window). Even though these two words are pronouns, they act as if they were adverbs: Y and en are used to replace words in a phrase that denote quantities, qualities, properties and relations. To whom am I talking? A word or group of words that receives the direct action of the verb. *"For" only in the sense of a recipient as in, "I bought the gift for you" not when it means "on behalf of" (he speaks for all the members). So in the sentence John likes Mary; Mary is the direct object. Le and la both change to l' . Vous –> you. Direct objects and indirect objects can be tricky to understand and use, but it’s essential to know the difference in order to speak and write French correctly. ressembler à quelqu’un ( to look like someone) téléphoner à quelqu’un ( to call someone) Some common French verbs, like regarder ( to look at ), écouter ( to listen to ), chercher ( to look for ), and attendre ( to wait for ), use direct objects when their English counterparts use indirect objects. Les pronoms compléments indirects: me, te, lui, nous, vous, leur An indirect object pronoun replaces the person to whom a verb is carried out. Il parle à toi et à moi - Il nous parle. In English: me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them. So it’s the French usage that dictates whether you’re dealing with a direct object or an indirect object in French. Elles vous voient. However, there’s no preposition in French, so mères a direct object. Me and te change to m' and t', respectively, in front of a vowel or mute H. When deciding between direct and indirect objects, the general rule is that if the person or thing is preceded by the preposition à or pour, that person/thing is an indirect object. Me and te change to m' and t', respectively, in front of a vowel or mute H . John is the subject. Here are the direct object pronouns and their English equivalents. → me (= indirect object pronoun) Learn more about the pronouns me, te and le. To Pierre. Pay attention to your teacher - Pay attention to him. nous us. French is more strict than English: if the pronoun is a direct object, you have to use 'le', 'la' or 'les', if it's indirect, you have to use 'lui' or 'leur'. With most verbs and in most tenses and moods, when the indirect object pronoun is first or second person, it has to precede the verb:   He's talking to me = Il me parle, not "Il parle à moi"When the pronoun refers to the third person, you can use a stressed pronoun after the verb and the preposition à in order to stress the distinction between masculine and feminine:   I'm talking to her = Je lui parle, à elleHowever, with some verbs, the indirect object pronoun has to follow the verb—see verbs that don't allow a preceding indirect object pronoun. It replaces only people or animals. > There is the preposition à between the verb and the object, therefore it’s an … + The first and second person singular pronouns have three forms each: 1. Like direct object pronouns, French indirect object pronouns are usually placed in front of the verb. This goes the other way as well. The grammar can be very different than in English. Elle m'a écrit. Unlike the direct object pronoun, we do not distinguish between gender. Indirect object pronouns (pronoms objets indirects) replace the people in a sentence to/for whom the action of the verb occurs. In French the choice is made even a bit more complicated because of the existence of the so-called disjunctive, or tonic, pronouns. Enfin il le trouve et il l' appelle. it: le, la them: les. pronoun. I gave the book to my brother - I gave him the book. Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated. It is always placed before the verb. He gave me a book. → Who did he give the book to? Tex cherche le numéro de téléphone de Tammy. + The first and second plural indirect object pronouns are identical to the first and second person direct objec… Direct object pronouns in French agree in number and gender with the nouns they replace. So, "pay attention to him" would be fais attention à lui, but "pay attention to it" (e.g., the program, my explanation) would be fais-y attention. Je l’ai dit. So when you need to figure out which one you’re dealing with, you have to consider the verb in order to determine whether it requires a preposition, and if so, which one. When deciding between direct and indirect objects, the general rule is that if the person or thing is preceded by the preposition à … © 2020 Lawless French. While third person pronouns have different forms depending on whether they’re direct (le, la, les) or indirect (lui, leur), first and second person direct and indirect pronouns are identical (me, nous, te, vous). When using direct speech you quote what another person says with quotation marks. In French, direct object pronouns generally precede the verb, whereas in English they follow it – learn more. Nous la buvons. Je -> me (m’)-> me Tu -> te (t’) -> you il -> lui-> him elle -> lui-> her This set of lists can help: Verbs with prepositions. Correct answer(s): ils doivent nous répondre » Explanation: Indirect object is placed between the semi-auxiliary verb and infinitive. Here is a list of Direct object pronouns: me te le, la nous vous les. All rights reserved. Direct object pronouns. Then return to the four scenarios at the beginning of this lesson. Thanks. The first thing to understand is the difference between a DIRECT OBJECT and an INDIRECT OBJECT, and then you can more easily identify them in a sentence. (I talk to whom ?) (She puts on her shoes.) An indirect object is a nominal group that is connected to the verb through the preposition à. Je parle à ma nouvelle collègue. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Remember a pronoun replaces a noun, and in this case the noun is a direct object. b) When pour is followed by an inanimate noun, it can only be replaced by a stressed pronoun or indefinite demonstrative pronoun. Par exemple… Je le connais. You will face several questions in English, and you have to answer accordingly in French. February 22, 2018 April 27, 2010 by Pascal Dherve. Next come your indirect objects (lui, leur), and finally our new friends y and en. Indirect object pronouns always precede direct object pronouns in word order. When you have an indirect object that's not a person or animal, it can only be replaced with the adverbial pronoun y. It can be difficult knowing when to use direct and indirect object pronouns in French. Wrong: xx Je leur pense xx   Il doit s'habituer à moi. leur them. 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